Home Original Article Prevalence of Hepatitis B Infection Among Healthy Blood Donors in Rangpur, Bangladesh
Original Article

Prevalence of Hepatitis B Infection Among Healthy Blood Donors in Rangpur, Bangladesh

Jobaida Jannat

Assistant Professor Department of Transfusion Medicine Rangpur Medical College

Md Ashekur Rahman

Junior Consultant Department of Cardiology OSD (DGHS), BSMMU, Dhaka

Mufeq Mahmud

Medical Officer Department of Transfusion Medicine Rangpur Medical College Hospital

Md Zia Hayder Bosunia

Assistant Professor Department of Hepatology Rangpur Medical College

Abu Hena Md Shohel Rana

Assistant Professor Department of Gastroenterology Rangpur Medical College

Khousnoor Hanif

HMO Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology Dhaka Medical College Hospital

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3329/jrpmc.v8i1.65059
Keywords: Hepatitis B; Blood Transfusion; Blood Donors; Bangladesh
Abstract

Background: Transfusion transmitted infection (TTIs) is still an alarming issue associated with blood transfusion, as hepatitis B remains a critical public health concern in a country like Bangladesh. The predisposition of the prevalence of HBsAg infection among healthy blood donors even in a tertiary-level hospital could be a strategy for scheming and observing this problem.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among all samples of a total of 11,566 units of blood screening for hepatitis B surface antigen at Rangpur Medical College Hospital, Rangpur from January 2021 to December, 2021. The prevalence of HBV infection was measured to observe the trends. Data were collected by non-probability convenient sampling, maintaining inclusion and exclusion criteria. Face-to-face interviews, blood grouping tests, and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) screening were conducted.

Results: About 66% of the blood donors were between 18 and 30 years of age, and 89.6% of them were males. All the donors were replacement donors who came voluntarily. The overall seroprevalence rate of HBV among all healthy blood donors was 1.09%. About 98.4% of HBsAg-positive blood donors were males and only 1.6% were female. Hepatitis B infection was more prevalent in the 28–36 years age group and least prevalent among those older than 48 years of age.

Conclusion: The decreasing trend in the prevalence of HBV infection might be the result of improvement in donor recruitment and selection, built-up awareness, proper TTIs screening, HBV vaccination and possibly decreasing HBV infection prevalence in the general population.

J Rang Med Col. March 2023; Vol. 8, No. 2:49-52

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